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Full text of "The act of incorporation of the Rhode Island Medical Society, together with the by-laws and list of members"

T H E 



ACT OF INCORPORATION 



RHODE-ISLAND MEDICAL SOCIETY, 



TOGETHER WITH THE 



BY-LAWS AND LIST OF MEMBERS, 



PROVI I) E N C E : 
PUBLISHED FOR THE SOCIETY. 

18 5 4. 



THE 



ACT OF INCORPORATION 



OF THE 



MODE-ISLAND MEDICAL SOCIETY, 



TOGETHER WITH THE 



BY-LAWS AND LIST OF MEMBERS. 



PROVIDENCE: 

PUBLISHED FOR THE SOCIETY. 

1854. 



STATE OF RHODE-ISLAND, A. D. 1812. 



AN ACT TO INCORPORATE CERTAIN PHYSICIANS AND SUR- 
GEONS, BY THE NAME OF " THE RHODE-ISLAND MEDICAL 
SOCIETY." 

As the Medical Art is important to the health and happiness 
of society, every institution calculated to further its improve- 
ment is entitled to public attention : and as Medical Societies, 
formed on liberal principles, and encouraged by the patronage 
of the laws, have been found conducive to this end : — 

Section 1. Beit therefore enacted by the General Assembly, 
and by the authority thereof it is enacted, That Amos Throop, 
William Bowen, Pardon Bowen, Levi Wheaton, Rowland 
Greene, Samuel Hudson, Daniel Barrus, Joseph Comstock, Niles 
Manchester, John Wilkinson, John M. Eddy, Thomas M. Bar- 
rows, Charles Eldredge, Jacob Fuller, Moses Mowry, Peleg 
Clark, John Mackie, Jeremiah Williams, William C. Bowen, 
Joseph B. Pettes, Walter Wheaton, Stephen Hams, Sylvester 
Knight, Abraham Mason, Ezekiel Comstock, Augustus Tony, 
A. Waldron, Caleb Fiske, Solomon Drown, Comfort A. Car- 
penter, Thomas Nelson, Thomas Warren., John W. Richmond, 
William G. Shaw, Cyril Carpenter, Thomas Carpenter, Gorton 
Jerauld, Chillingsworth Foster, Lemuel W. Briggs, John Al- 
drich, Elcazer Bellows, Eleazer Bellows, Jr., Jonathan Easton, 
Benjamin Waite Case, Enoch Hazard, David King, William 
Turner, Edmund Thomas Waring, and Jonathan Easton, Jr., 
be and they hereby are formed into, constituted and made, a 



body politic and corporate, by the name of "The Rhode- 
Island Medical Society ;" and that they and their successors. 
and such other persons as elected in the manner here- 

after mentioned, shall be and continue a body politic and cor- 
porate by the same name for< 

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the members of said 
society may, from time to time, elect a President, two Vice- 
Presidents, one or more Secretaries, with such other officers as 
they shall judge necessary and convenient ; and they, the mem- 
bers of said Society, shall have full power and authority, from 
time to time, to determine and establish the names, number 
and duty of their several officers, and the tenure they shall re- 
spectively have in their offices. 

Sec. 3. And be it furtlu 
said Society shall have a common seal, and power to break, 
change, or renew the same at their pleasure. 

Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That the said Sociei\ 
may sue and be sued, in all actions, real, personal or mixed, 
and prosecute and defend the unto final judgment and 

execution. 

Sec. 5. And be it fu '-ted, That the said Soc 

shall have full power and authority to make and enact such 
rules and by-laws, for the better government of said Society, 
as are not repugnant to the laws of this State, or of the United 
States, and to annex reasonable fines and penalties to the breach 
of them, not exceeding the sum of fifty dollars, to be sued for 
and recovered by said Society, and to their own use, by action 
of debt, in any court having cognizance of the same ; and 
also to determine the number requisite to constitute a quorum 
for the transaction of business ; and to establish the lime. 
place and manner of convening the said Society. 

Sec. 6. And be it furtl : d Society, at 

any stated legal meeting of the same, may, by a majority of 
the votes of those present, elect any suitable person or persons 
to be a member or members of the said Society : Provided, 



That all practising Physicians, or Surgeons, resident within this 
State, who shall be so elected, shall within one year after such 
election, subscribe the by-laws of the said Society, or other- 
wise declare in writing their assent to the same, or such elec- 
tion shall be void : and all persons, not practising Physicians 
or Surgeons, or not resident within this State, who shall be so 
elected, may be deemed honorary members of the said So- 
ciety ; and at any such meeting, the said Society shall have 
power, in like manner, to suspend or expel for improper con- 
duct, any member of said Society. 

Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That the President and 
members of said Society, or such officers or members as they 
shall specially appoint for that purpose, shall have full power 
and authority to examine all candidates for the practice of 
Physic and Surgery, who shall offer themselves for examina- 
tion respecting their skill in their profession ; and if upon ex- 
amination, the said candidates shall be found skilled in their 
profession, and fitted for the practise of it, they shall receive 
the approbation of the said Society, in letters testimonial, under 
the seal of said Society, signed by the President or such other 
person or persons as shall be appointed for that purpose. 

Sec. 8. And be it further enacted, That the said Society 
may and shall forever be deemed capable in law, of having, 
holding, and taking, in fee-simple or any less estate, by gift, 
grant or devise, or otherwise, any land, tenement or other es- 
tate, real or personal, provided that the annual income of the 
whole real estate, that may be given, granted or devised to, or 
purchased by the said Society, shall not exceed the sum of five 
hundred dollars, and the annual income or interest of said per- 
sonal estate shall not exceed fifteen hundred dollars, and the 
annual income or interest of the said real or personal estate, 
together with the fines and penalties paid to said Society, or 
recovered by them shall be appropriated to such purposes as 
are consistent with the end and design of the institution of the 
said Society, and as the members thereof shall determine. 



Sec. 9. And be it further enacted, That a meeting for the 
organization of the said Society, shall be held in some conven- 
ient place within this State, and that Dr. Amos Throop be and 
he hereby is authorized to appoint the time and place of holding 
the said meeting, and to give notice of the same in two or 
more newspapers printed in the towns of Newport and Provi- 
dence. 

Passed February Session, A. D. 1812. 



By-Laws, Medical Police, &c. 



Whereas it is granted and declared, in and by the Charter 
for incorporating a Medical Society in the State of Rhode -Island, 
that the Fellows may enact such By-laws, Rules and Regula- 
tions, relative to the affairs, concerns, and property of said 
Society, and relative to the duties of their several officers, as 
they may think proper ; it is therefore ordained that the follow- 
ing be the Medical Police, By-laws and Rules of the said So- 
ciety : 

CHAPTER I.— Of Meetings, &c. 

ANNUAL AND SEMI-ANNUAL MEETINGS. 

Section 1. There shall be an annual meeting of the Rhode- 
Isxand Medical Society, to be held in the city of Providence, 
on the first Wednesday in June, at 10 o'clock, A. M., at such 
place as the President may appoint ; fourteen days' notice be- 
ing previously given in some paper, printed in the city of 
Providence, and also by a written, or printed notice addressed 
to each Fellow of the Society by the Recording Secretary ; at 
which meeting ten Fellows shall constitute a quorum for trans- 
acting business. 

There shall also be a semi-annual meeting, held on the 
third Wednesday in December, at 10 o'clock, A. M., at such 
town or city as the Society at its previous annual meeting may 
appoint ; fourteen days' notice being given to each FelLow of 
the Society by the Recording Secretary. 



8 
ORDER OF BUSINESS. 

Sec. 2. At the annual meeting, the Recording Secretary shall 
read the records of the last annual and semi-annual meetings, 
and the proceedings of the Censors, and of the Trustees of the 
Fiske fund, and shall receive the Reports of the Treasurer, 
Librarian and Cabinet-keeper of the Southern District, Libra- 
rian and Cabinet-keeper of the Northern District, and of any 
committee or committees. A discourse or dissertation on 
some medical subject shall then be delivered by the person ap- 
pointed for that purpose. The Society shall then make such 
alterations in the By-laws as may be judged expedient ; after 
which the election of officers for the next ensuing year shall 
take place, in which a majority of voices shall constitute a 
choice. The Society shall then proceed to the admission, by 
ballot, of candidates, as Fellows or honorary members of the 
Society ; and no person shall be admitted a Fellow, or an 
honorary member, unless he shall obtain two-thirds of the votes 
of the Fellows present. After which the Society shall attend 
to such communications as it shall be thought proper to make, 
and to any propositions which may be considered conducive to 
the welfare of the Society, or the general interests of medical 
science, and shall, by a vote, name the place of the next semi- 
annual meeting. 

At the semi-annual meeting, the records of the last annual 
meeting, and reports of the Censors shall be read ; the reports 
of any committees shall be received ; any communications or 
propositions shall be attended to ; and the Society shall appoint 
delegates to the next National Medical Convention. 



ELECTION OF FELLOWS. 

Sec 3. Every person elected a Fellow of this Society shall 
be notified thereof by the Corresponding Secretary, and upon 
declaring his assent in the manner required by the act of in- 
corporation, and paying three dollars to the Treasurer for the 
use of the Society, shall receive from the Recording Secretary 
the usual Diploma. 



9 

ASSESSMENT. 

Sec. 4. Every fellow of this Society, shall annually con- 
tribute one dollar to the funds of the Society, and shall pay 
the same to the Treasurer thereof. 

RESIGNATION. 

Sec. 5. The Society may, for satisfactoiy reasons, permit 
a Fellow to resign his fellowship, on his showing a certificate 
from the Treasurer that he has paid all dues. 

EXPULSION. 

Sec. 6. No Fellow of the Society shall be expelled there- 
from, but by a vote of two-thirds, at least, of the Fellows 
present, at the annual meeting of the Society. 

CONSULTATION. 

Sec. 7. To promote the laudable designs for which the So- 
ciety was formed and incorporated, to prevent, as far as may 
be, all unqualified persons from practising medicine or sur- 
gery, and in order to discourage empiricism, it shall be deemed 
disreputable, and shall be unlawful for any Fellow or Licenti- 
ate of this Society, in the capacity of either Physician or Sur- 
geon, to advise or consult directly, or indirectly, with any per- 
son whatever, who shall hereafter commence the practice of 
medicine or surgery within this State, until he shall have been 
examined and approved by the Censors of the Society ; — and 
any Fellow of the Society, who shall assist any person not so 
qualified, by affording him advice, or by consulting directly or 
indirectly with him, in the capacity of physician or surgeon, 
shall for each and every such offence, be fined ten dollars, shall 
be disqualified from giving his vote at any meeting of the So- 
ciety for two years, shall be liable to the censure and repri- 
mand of the Society, and in aggravated cases, to expulsion. 
And any Licentiate who shall be guilty of the above offence, 
shall be liable to be deprived of all the rights and privileges 
which he derives from the Society. And it shall be the duty 



10 

of the Censors ex officio, to examine into every case, of viola- 
tion of this law, that may come to their knowledge ; and if 
they neglect to do so, they shall be liable to a fine of ten dol- 
lars for every case. 

QUACKERY. 

Sec. 8. Whenever any Fellow of the Society shall publicly 
advertise for sale, or selL, or prescribe any medicine, the com- 
positionof which is kept a secret, or shall offer to cure any dis- 
ease by any such secret medicine, he shall be liable to ex- 
pulsion, or such other penalty as the Society, at their annual 
meeting, may think proper to inflict. 



CHAPTER II.— Of Medical Police. 

CONSULTATIONS. 

Section 1. Consultations should be encouraged in difficult 
and protracted cases, as they tend to produce confidence, en- 
ergy, and more enlarged views in practice. On such occasions 
no rivalship or jealousy should be indulged ; candor, justice, 
and all due respect should be exercised towards the Physician 
who first attended ; and as he may be presumed to be best ac- 
quainted with the patient and his family, he should deliver all 
the medical directions as agreed upon in the presence of the 
consulting Physician. It should be the province, however, of 
the senior consulting Physician to propose the necessary ques- 
tions to the sick. The consulting Physician is never to visit 
without the attending, unless by the desire of the latter, or 
when, as in sudden emergency, he is not to be found ; nor is he 
to discontinue his visits without the knowledge and approbation 
of the patient or family at the time. No discussion of the case 
should take place before the patient or his friends ; and no 
prognostications should be delivered, which were not the result 
of previous deliberation and concurrence. Theoretical de- 



11 

bates, indeed, should generally be avoided in consultations, as 
occasioning perplexity and loss of time ; for there may be 
much diversity of opinion on speculative points, with perfect 
agreement on those modes of practice which are founded not 
on hypothesis, but on experience and observation. Physicians 
in consultation, whatever may be their private resentments or 
opinions of one another, should divest themselves of all preju- 
dices, and think of nothing but what will most effectually con- 
tribute to the relief of those under their care. If a Physician 
cannot lay his hand to his heart, and say that his mind is per- 
fectly open to conviction, from whatever quarter it may come, 
he should in honor decline the consultation. 

All discussions and debates in consultations are to be held 
confidential. Many advantages may arise from two consulting 
together, who are men of candor, and who have mutual confi- 
deuce in each other's honor. A remedy may occur to one, 
which did not to the other ; and a Physician may want resolu- 
tion or confidence in his own opinion, to prescribe a powerful 
but precarious remedy ;. on which, however, the life of his pa- 
tient may depend ; in this case, a concurrent opinion may fix 
his own. But when such mutual confidence is wanting, a con- 
sultation had better be declined, especially if there is reason to 
believe, that sentiments delivered with openness are to be com- 
municated abroad, or to the family concerned ; and if, in con- 
sequence of this, either gentleman is to be made responsible 
for the event. The utmost punctuality should be observed in 
consultation visits. 

INTERFERENCES. 

Sec. 2. Medicine is a liberal profession ; the practitioners 
are, or ought to be, men of education ; and their expectations 
of business and employment should be founded on their de- 
grees of qualification ; not on artifice, intrigue and insinuation. 
A certain undefinable species of assiduities and attentions, 
therefore, to families usually employing another, is to be con- 
sidered beneath the dignity of a regular practitioner, and as 
making a mere trade of a learned profession ; and all officious 
interferences in cases of sickness in such families, evince a 



12 

meanness of disposition, unbecoming the character of a Physi- 
cian and a gentleman. No meddling inquiries should be made 
concerning them, nor hints given relative to their nature and 
treatment, nor any selfish conduct pursued, that may directly 
or indirectly tend to weaken confidence in the Physicians or 
Surgeons who have the care of them. 

It shall be the duty of the Physician who may be called to 
a family usually attended by another gentleman of the faculty, 
to ascertain whether he is so called from an actual preference, 
or in consequence of the absence or inability of the family 
physician to attend ; and if the latter should prove to be the 
case, it shall be his duty to inform them of the propriety of 
repeating their call upon him as soon as his services may be 
procured. 

When a physician is called to a patient, who has been under 
the care of another gentleman of the faculty, before any ex- 
amination of the case, he should ascertain whether that gentle- 
man has discontinued his visits, and whether the patient does 
or ought to consider himself as under his care ; in which case, 
he is not to assume the charge of the patient, nor to give his 
advice (except in instances of sudden attacks) without a regu- 
lar consultation ; and if such previously attending gentleman 
has been dismissed, or has voluntarily relinquished the patient, 
his practice should be treated with candor, and justified so far 
as truth and probity will permit ; for the want of success in 
the primary treatment of the disorder, is no impeachment of 
pi'ofessional skill and knowledge. 

It frequently happens that a physician, in incidental commu- 
nications with the patients of others, or with their friends, may 
have their cases stated to him in so direct a manner, as not to 
admit of his declining to pay attention to them. Under such 
circumstances, his observations should be delivered with deli- 
cacy, propriety and reserve, and with the greatest care that 
they shall not interfere with the curative plan pursued. 

DIFFERENCES OF PHYSICIANS. 

Sec. 3. The differences of physicians, when they end in 
appeals to the public, generally injure the contending parties ; 



13 

but what is of more consequence, the\ the profes 

and expose the faculty itself to contempt and ridicule. When- 
ever such differences occur, as may affect the honor and dig- 
nity of the profession, and cannot immediately be terminated, 
or do not come under the character of violations of the special 
rules of the Society otherwise provided for, they should be 
referred to the arbitration of a sufficient number of member.-? 
of the Society, according to the nature of the dispute ; but 
neither the subject matter of such references, nor the adjudica- 
tion, should, if it can be avoided, be communicated to the pub- 
lic, as they may be personally injurious to the individuals con- 
cerned, and can hardly fail to hurt the general credit of the 
faculty. 

DISCOURAGEMENT OF QUACKERY. 

Sec. 4. The use of quack medicines should be discouraged 
by the faculty, as disgraceful to the profession, injurious to 
health, and often destructive of life. No physician or surg 
therefore, should dispense a secret nostrum, even if it be hii 
invention or exclusive property ; for if it is of real efficacy, the 
concealment of it is inconsistent with beneficence and profes- 
sional liberality ; and if mystery alone give it value and im- 
portance, such craft implies disgraceful ignorance, or fraudu- 
lent avarice. 

CONDUCT FOR THE SUPPORT OF THE MEDICAL 
CHARACTER. 

Sec 5. The esprit du corps is a principle of action founded 
in human nature, and when duly regulated, is both rational and 
laudable. Every man who enters into a fraternity, engages 
by a tacit compact, not only to submit to the laws, but to pro- 
mote the honor and interest of the Society, so far as they are 
consistent with morality and the general good of mankind. A 
physician, therefore, should cautiously guard against whatever 
may injure the general respectability of the profession, and 
should avoid all contumelious representations of the faculty at 
large, all general charges against their is or improbity, 

or the indulgence of an affected or jocular scepticism, concern- 
ng the efficacy and utility of the healing art. 



14 
CHAPTER III Of Officers, 

OFFICERS. 

Section L Annually there shall be chosen, by ballot, a 
President and two Vice-Presidents, a Recording Secretary, Cor- 
responding Secretary, Treasurer, Librarian and Cabinet-Keep- 
er for the Southern, and Librarian and Cabinet-Keeper for the 
Northern District, and eight Censors. 

PRESIDENT. 

Sec 2. The President shall have power to call a special 
meeting of the Society, whenever he shall deem it expedient, 
or whenever five Fellows shall request it in writing — shall pre- 
side at all meetings of the Society — shall call for reports of 
Committees — shall regulate all debates thereat — shall state and 
put questions — shall enforce an observance of the By-Laws 
and regulations — shall have custody of and use, on proper oc- 
casions, the seal of the Society — shall have a casting vote — 
and shall perform all such duties as may be assigned him. 

VICE PRESIDENTS. 

Sec 3. The first Vice-President, in case of the death, res- 
ignation, disability or absence of the President, shall have and 
exercise all his powers, until a new choice shall be made ; 
and in the absence of those two officers, the second Vice-Pres- 
ident shall officiate as President. 

RECORDING SECRETARY. 

Sec 4. The Recording Secretary shall have charge of the 
Charter, By-Laws and Records of the Society — shall notify all 
meetings of the Society— shall keep a fair record of their pro- 
ceedings — shall receive and record the proceedings of the Cen- 
sors, which he shall read at the next regular meeting, and also 
such communications as have been made since the last meet- 
ing—shall, after any person is elected a Fellow or honorary 
member, transmit information thereof, together with a copy of 
the charter and by-laws of the Society, to the Corresponding 



15 

Secretary, within ten days from the time of said election— shall 
notify the chairmen of all committees, furnish the names of 
the committee, shall within ten days after every annual meet* 
ing, certify to the cashier of the Union Bank by a written no- 
tice, that the Rhode-Island Medical society has continued to 

hold its annual meetings as authorized by charter who its 

President and Vice-Presidents are — and also, if such be the 
fact, that the Society is constituted of more than twenty mem- 
bers exclusive of honorary members, and perform any other 
services which may be assigned him. 

CORRESPONDING SECRETARY. 

Sec. 5. The Corresponding Secretary shall have the charge 

of all letters and communications transmitted to the Society ■ 

shall cause papers written in any foreign language to be trans- 
lated into English — shall prepare and transmit answers to cor- 
respondents, in such language and form as the Society shall 
direct — shall within thirty days from the time of receiving the 
requisite information from the Recording Seretary, notify every 
person elected a Fellow or honorary member of his election, 
and the time when it was made, and at the same time transmit 
him a copy of the Charter and By-laws, and perform such 
other duties as may be assigned him. If, at any time, either 
of the Secretaries should be absent, the one attending shall 
perform the services of both, but shall, as soon as may be, ar- 
range and deliver over the papers of their respective depart- 
ments. The Secretaries may also, with the consent of the 
President, furnish attested copies of papers and transactions 
belonging to their respective departments, for which such fees 
may be demanded as the Society shall establish. 

TREASURER. 

Sec 6. The Treasurer shall give security for the trust re- 
posed in him, whenever the Society shall judge it requisite, 

and the funds will admit a compensation for his services 

shall demand and receive all moneys due to the same, together 
with all bequests and donations — shall demand, and if neces- 
sary, sue for and recover all fines and assessments due to the 



16 

Society— shall, under the direction of the Society, sell or lease 
any estate belonging to them, and execute the necessary pa- 
pers—shall, in general, have the care and management of all 
fiscal concerns, and keep an accurate statement of all receipts 
and expenditures — shall pay no money out of the Treasury, 
but by an order from the President, and shall make a report 
of the state of the Treasury, at every annual meeting. His 
accounts shall also be examined and reported annually to the 
Society, by a committee appointed for that purpose. 

LIBRARIANS AND CABINET-KEEPERS. 

Sec. 7. The Librarians and Cabinet-keepers shall have in 
their charge and custody, the books, instruments and apparatus 
of the Society — shall keep an accurate register of and arrange 
them in a proper manner — shall make such disposal of them 
from time to time as the Society may direct, and make an an- 
nual statement of the business of their departments to the 
Society, and shall carefully record all donations made thereto. 

RESIGNATION, REMOVAL AND REPLACEMENT 
OF OFFICERS. 

Sec 8. Every officer of the Society may, for sufficient 
reasons, resign his office, or may be removed therefrom by or- 
der of the Society, for neglect, inattention, or malconduct ; in 
either of which cases, or on the death of any officer, the Presi- 
dent shall appoint a Fellow to the office so vacated, who shall 
serve until the next annual meeting. 



CHAPTER IV. 

Of Censors, Examinations, and Licenses. 
CENSORS' MEETINGS. 
Section 1. There shall be two meetings of the Censors 
for the examination of candidates for the practice of medicine, 
surgery and midwifery, and for the transaction of such other 
business as may come before them, to be held on the morning 
of the days of the annual and semi-annual meetings of the So- 



17 

ciety. Ten days at least previous to these meetings, notice 
thereof shall be given in one public paper printed in the city of 
Providence, specifying the place and time of the day at which 
such meetings are to be held, and also by individual notice 
from the Secretary. 

Three Censors shall constitute a quorum ; and the Senior 
Censor present shall preside, and may appoint either of the 
other Censors present to officiate as Secretary, whose duty it 
shall be to keep a faithful record of all the proceedings of the 
Censors, and from time to time transmit a copy of the same to 
the Recording Secretary. Whenever any Censors neglect 
their duty in attending these meetings, if there be not sufficient 
to form a quorum, each of those absent shall be fined five dol- 
lars, unless excused by the Society ; but if a quorum be formed, 
no fines shall be imposed. 

CANDIDATES AND THEIR QUALIFICATIONS. 

Sec. 2. No person educated within this State, shall be ad- 
mitted to an examination by the Censors of the Society, unless 
he shall have the following qualifications : 1st. He shall have 
such an acquaintance with the Greek and Latin languages as 
is necessaiy for a medical and surgical education. 2d. He 
shall have studied three full years under the direction, and at- 
tended the practice of some one or more of the Fellows or Hon- 
orary members of the Society ; during which time, he shall 
have studied the most approved authors in Anatomy, Physiolo- 
gy, Surgery, Midwifery, Chemistry, Materia Medica, Botany 
and the Theory and Practice o£ Medicine. 

No person educated out of this State, shall be admitted to an 
examination by the Censors of the Society, unless he shall 
have the qualifications specified in the first of the articles above 
mentioned ; and instead of those required in the second, shall 
have studied three full years under the direction and attended 
the practice of some reputable Physician or Physicians, Sur- 
geon or Surgeons, as the case may be. The Censors of the 
Society, before examining any candidate, shall demand and 
receive from him, a satisfactory certificate of his being qualified 
as above mentioned ; and such certificate shall be recorded by 
2 



18 

the Secretary of the meeting, and be afterwards delivered to 
the Recording Secretary, whose duty it shall be to put it on 
file, and make a record thereof. 

CENSORS' DUTY. 

Sec. 3. It shall be the duty of the Censors to act as a com- 
mittee, ex-officio, or court of inquiry, for the purpose of receiv- 
ing charges of any unprofessional conduct of the members and 
licentiates ; and if they should consider them as sufficiently 
substantiated, to report the same to the Society at the next an- 
nual meeting ; and should such charges be preferred at the 
semi-annual meeting, it shall be incumbent on the Censors to 
notify the person implicated, of the existence of such charges, 
at least within one month after said semi-annual meeting, in 
order that he may be present and prepared to defend himself 
at the next succeeding annual meeting. 

The Censors of the Society shall examine candidates, quali- 
fied as specified in the preceding section. They shall pre- 
viously agree on the mode of examination, and having approved 
a candidate, shall, on receiving by their Secretary, ten dollars, 
to be paid to the Treasurer for the use of the Society, furnish 
the person, so approved, with a certificate thereof, which shall 
be recorded by the Recording Secretary. 

The Censors of the Society, upon application from any per- 
son, who has been educated in, or who shall come from any 
other State, or foreign countiy, shall examine such evidence or 
letters testimonial, as he shall offer for the purpose of proving 
himself to be duly qualified to practice Medicine, Surgery or 
Midwifery ; and if, upon due inquiry, they shall deem him to 
be properly qualified therefor, they shall certify the same ; and 
the person so licensed, shall be entitled to all the privileges of 
those who have been regularly examined and approved, and 
for every license so granted, the Censors shall receive the sum 
of three dollars, to be paid to the Treasurer for the use of the 
Society. And the person so licensed may be received into the 
Society without paying any other admission fees. 



19 
NOMINATION. 

Sec. 4. Ir shall also be the duty of the Censors to receiv< 
applications for the admission of any person or persons, as 
Fellows or Honorary Members of the Society, and to make a re- 
port of the same, if approved, to be transmitted by the Secretary 
of the Censors to the Recording Secretary ; which report 
have the effect of a nomination, and be acted upon at the next 
regular meeting of the Society: And no application sh al ! b 
received by the Censors and reported for consideration, unl 
it is in writing and signed by one or more of the Fellows of the 
Society. 

DISCOURSE. 

Sec. 5. At every annual meeting, it shall be the duty of the 
Censors, with the concurrence of the President, to appoint an 
Orator, who shall read a Discourse on some medical subject at 
the next annual meeting. They shall also appoint a second 
Orator to fulfil this duty in case the first named Orator be pre- 
vented from performing it. The first Orator, if he find himself 
unable to prepare and deliver such a Discourse, shall give 
sufficient notice thereof to the second Orator. A copy of every 
such Discourse when read shall be deposited in the archives of 
the Society. 

REGULATIONS FOR THE LIBRARIES. 

Sec. 6. The first applicant for a book or books shall have 
the preference. 

No member of the Society shall be allowed to take out more 
than one folio, one quarto, two octavos, or three of smaller size, 
( including pamphlets, ) at any one time. 

A folio or quarto may be kept out six weeks, octavos four 
weeks, books of smaller size, ( including pamphlets ) two 
weeks. 

For detaining the books beyond the time permitted, the fines 
are thus : for a folio or quarto twenty cents, octavos fifteen 
cents, smaller size, ( including pamphlets ) ten cents, and for 
every week after the first, the same fines to be added. 
2* 



20 

No member shall be allowed the privilege of taking out any 
other book until the return of those which he may have in his 
possession. 

The Librarian shall keep an account of all books taken out 
of, and returned to the Library, shall notice the condition of 
every book returned, shall make a memorandum of any damage 
that the books may have sustained in the hands of any mem- 
ber, and shall present a catalogue of the books at every annual 
meeting. 

For injury or loss of books, such compensation shall be made 
as the Librarian shall adjudge equitable, subject, however, to 
the revision of the Society. 



21 



F I S K E FUND 

FOR PRIZE DISSERTATIONS. 



The late Dr. Caleb Fiske, formerly President of the Rhode- 
Island Medical Society, with a munificence that does honor to 
his memory, bequeathed in his last will for the benefit of the 
Society, the sum of Two Thousand Dollars, directing the pro- 
ceeds thereof to be applied to the payment of premiums for 
the Prize Dissertations, and for contingent expenses, as set 
forth in the following extract from his will : 

Item. " I give and bequeath to the President and two Vice- 
Presidents of the Medical Society of the State of Rhode-Island, 
for the time being, and to their successors in office, the semi- 
annual dividends arising from forty shares of stock which I own 
in the Union Bank in Providence, the amount thereof two thous- 
and dollars, in trust for the uses herein limited ; Use the first ; 
nine-twelfths of said dividends shall constitute a fund to be ap- 
plied in the manner following, to wit : The said Trustees or 
either two of them, shall select at every annual meeting of said 
Society, such subject or subjects for investigation as they ma} 
judge most conducive to the advancement of Medical Science, 
and give notice thereof in one of the newspapers published in 
Newport, and one published in Providence, for the term of six 
weeks, offering such premium or premiums, as the annual pro- 
duct of said funds will justify, to be awarded and paid out by 
said trustees, for the best Treatise on the subject proposed by 
them for investigation, to be communicated to said trustees one 
month previous to the next Annual Meeting of said Society. 
And in order that a laudable spirit of emulation may be excited 
and maintained, the trustees shall not only suitably reward the 
authors of the fortunate productions, but also prescribe such 
rules for receiving the communications and deciding on the 
merits of the several performances as will shield the unsuccess- 
ful competitor from obloquy or reproach. Use the second ; 
two-twelfths of the profits or dividends of said stock arc to re- 
munerate said trustees for their services,£in the execution of the 
several trusts herein confided to them. 



22 

- Use the third ; one twelfth of the profits of said stock is to 
be appropriated to printing and supplying each member of said 
Society with a copy of such Treatise for which premiums have 
been awarded. It is believed however, that the copyright of 
the productions may be so disposed of by said Trustees, as 
not only to furnish the members of said Society with copies 
gratis, but also to make some addition to the aforesaid Fund ; 
and it is also believed that said Trustees, in consideration of 
advantages which said Society may derive from a discreet 
management of said fund, will frequently, if not uniformly, 
render their services gratuitously , where by a further addition may 
be made to said fund. If these anticipations should be realized 
in part or in whole, whatever sums remain unappropriated shall 
be added to said fund for the uses aforesaid. And my will 
further is, and I hereby ordain, that the aforesaid forty shares 
of stock, the nominal amount whereof is two thousand dollars, 
shall remain registered in my name, in the books of said Bank, 
but the dividends or profits arising therefrom, shall be subject 
from time to time to the order of said Trustees, for the uses 
above limited ; but every order drawn on said Bank, shall ex- 
press the uses to which the money is to be applied. Fur- 
thermore, the said Trustees shall cause their proceedings in 
the premises to be recorded in a book or books, from year to 
year, and deposited in the archives or cabinet of said Society 
for safe keeping, inserting therein the annual amount of said 
fund and the additions if any made thereto, the subject or sub- 
jects proposed for investigation, the amount of premiums of- 
fered, the names and place of abode of persons to whom pre- 
miums are awarded, with such other facts and remarks rela- 
tive to the application of said dividends as they may judge ex- 
pedient, and the proceedings or such parts thereof' as shall 
have accrued^ each preceding year shall be audibly read be- 
fore said Society at their annua] meeting, and also be subject 
to the inspection of any member of said Society, and also be 
free for examination by my heirs at law ; provided neverthe- 
less, and I do hereby order, that if the said dividends or profits 
arising from the aforesaid stock, or any part thereof, should at 
any time hereafter be used for any other purposes than those 
before limited, or applied in any other manner than is above 
directed, or if said Trustees, or either two of them for the time 
being, shall neglect or refuse to execute the aforesaid trust in 
manner and form before specified, sickness, and other unavoid- 
able incidents excepted, for the term of one vear, then in either 
of these cases, this bequest shall thenceforth cease and deter- 
mine, and said stock and the dividends arising therefrom shall 
tnenceforth descend to, and vest in, my heirs at law. Provided 



23 

also, and I do hereby ordain, that if at any time hereafter, 
said Medical Society shall discontinue its Anniversary Meet- 
ings, authorized by its Charter, or in case its members (fellows,) 
exclusive of honorary members, should decline in number and 
at any time hereafter be reduced to twenty, then, and in either 
of those cases, this bequest shall thenceforth cease and deter- 
mine, and said stock and the dividends or profits arising there- 
from shall descend to, and vest in, my heirs at law." 

The foregoing bequest having increased in amount, by in- 
terest and otherwise, enables the Trustees to offer two premi- 
ums annually, of One Hundred Dollars each, for the best es- 
says on the questions they propose. 



RULES. 

1. No Fellow shall speak in any debate, without rising and 
addressing himself to the President. 

2. No Fellow having spoken once in any debate, shall speak, 
to the prevention of another, who has not spoken, and mani- 
fests a desire to speak. 

3. Every Fellow, as soon as he has done speaking, shall sit 

down. 

4. No Fellow shall interrupt another while speaking, unless 
it shall be to call him to order, or to correct a mistake. 

5. No motion shall be considered, unless seconded. 

6. No Fellow shall nominate more than one person for the 
same Committee, provided the first person nominated by him 

be chosen. 

7. No vote shall be reconsidered at the same meeting by a 
smaller number than were present at its passing. 



OFFICERS 

OF THE 

RHODE ■ ISLAND MEDICAL SOCIETY, 

For the year ending, June 7th, 1854. 



PRESIDENT, 

R JOSEPH MAURAN, M. D., Providence. 

VICE PRESIDENTS, 

1st. SYLVANUS CLAPP, M. D., Pawtucket. 
2d. ARIEL BALLOU, M. D., Woonsocket. 

RECORDING SECRETARY, 

EDWIN M. SNOW, M. D., Providence. 

CORRESPONDING SECRETARY, 

JAMES W. C. ELY, M. D., Providence. 

TREASURER, 

GEORGE P. BAKER, M. D., Providence. 

LIBRARIAN AND CABINET-KEEPER FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT; 

HIRAM CLEVELAND, M. D., Pawtucket. 

LIBRARIAN AND CABINET-KEEPER FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT, 

THEOPHILUS C. DUNN, M. D., Newport. 

CENSORS, 

S. AUGUSTUS ARNOLD, M. D., Providence. 
THEOPHILUS C. DUNN, M. D., Newport. 
JARVIS J. SMITH, M. D., Chepachet. 
OTIS BULLOCK, M. D., Warren. 
EZEKIEL FOWLER, M. D., Woonsocket. 
HIRAM CLEVELAND, M. D., Pawtucket. 
JAMES H. ELDREDGE, M. D., East Greenwich. 
RICHMOND BROWNELL, M. D., Providence. 



•2:> 



FELLOWS 



RHODE-ISLAND MEDICAL SOCIETY, 



JANUARY 1, 1S54. 



Name. 

Allen, Hiram, 
Andros, James T., 
Angell, George M., 
Armington, Hervey, 
Arnold, S. Augustus, 
Baker, George P., 
Ballou, Ariel, 
Bowen, Israel M., 
Briggs, Lemuel W., 
Brown, W. Owen, 
Brownell, Richmond, 
Bullock, Otis, 
Butler, Samuel W. 
Capron, George, 
Carpenter, Thos. O. H., 
Church, George H., 
Clapp, Sylvanus, 
Cleveland, Hiram, 
Cobb, Henry W., 
Collins, George L., 
Col well, Francis, 
Dunn, Theophilus C, 
Eldredge, James H., 
Ellis, Joshua J., 
Ely, James W. C, 
Fabyan, Charles W., 
Fearing, Joseph W., 
Fisher, Charles H., 
Fowler, Ezekiel, 
Gardner, Johnson, 
Gushee, Almond, 
Hartshorn, Isaac, 
Haszard, Albert A., 
Hathaway, Edmund V., 
Hubbard, Henry, 
Hubbard, William A., 
King, Absalom P., 
King, David, 
Knight, Elam C. 



Residence. V\ 

Woonsocket, 

No tick Factory, (Warwick 

Providence, 



Woonsocket, 

Johnston, 

Bristol, 

Pan-tucket, 

Providence, 

Warren, 

Newport, 

Providence, 

Clayville, (Scituate,) 

Wickford. 

Pawtucket, 

Woonsocket, 
Providence, 



Nevjport, 

East G-reemvich, 

Bristol, 

Providence, 



North Scituate, 

Woonsocket, 

Vue de VEau,Mass., 

Warren, 

Providence, 



Crompton Mills, ( Warwi 

Apponaug, (Warwick,) 

Newport, 

Smithfield, 



hen elected. 

1832. 
,) 1832. 

1847. 
1826. 
1822. 
1851. 
1832. 
1842. 
1845. 
1852. 
1817. 
1838. 
1847. 
1823. 
1824. 
1825. 
1842. 
1824. 
1852. 
1847. 
1819. 
1824. 
1838. 
1852. 
1847. 
1847. 
1827. 
1850. 
1818. 
1830. 
1840. 
1832. 
1847. 
1847. 
ck,) 1847. 
1840. 
1848. 
1834. 
1848. 



26 



Name. 

Manchester, Charles F., 
Martin, Luther A., 
Mauran, Joseph, 
McGowan, John J., 
Millar, James, 
Miller, Lewis L., 
Miller Nathaniel, 
Moore, Thomas P., 
Mowry, Samuel, 
Needham, JohnG., 
Newell, Timothy, 
Newhall, Thomas K., 
Nutting, Thomas, 
Otis, Daniel G., 
Parsons, Charles W., 
Parsons, Usher, 
Peckham, Fenner H., 
Perry, Christopher G., 
Perry, George H., 
Potter, Thomas G., 
Ranney, Mark, 
Ray, Isaac, 
Richardson, William, 
Roberts, James E., 
Robinson, Josiah W., 
Satterlec, Richard S., 
Shaw, William A., 
Shaw, William G., 
Smith, David S. C. H., 
Smith, Jarvis J., 
Snow, Edwin M., 
Stillman, Henry W., 
Tillinghast, Allen, 
Tobey, Samuel B., 
Turner, Henry E., 
Turner, James V., 
Warren, Joseph E., 
Wells, William R., 
Wheaton, Francis L., 
Whitman, Almon C, 
Whitney, James O., 
Wiggin, Chase, 
Woods, Marshall, 



Residence. When elected. 

Pawtucket, 1838. 

Bristol, 1853. 

Providence, 1819. 

1852. 
Fruit Hill, (N. Providence,) 1838. 
Providence, 1827. 

1847. 
Warren, 1851. 

Chepachet, 1838. 

Pawtuxet, 1836. 

Knightsville, (Cranston,) 1852. 
North Scituate, 1848. 

Nightingale's Fac.(Smithfield) 1840. 
Providence, 1852.. 

1846. 

1823. 

1852. 
Newport, 1837. 

Hopkinion, 1825. 

Providence, 1850. 

Butler Hospital, (Providence) 1851. 

1850. 



Johnston, 
South Scituate,, 
Providence, 
U. S. Army, 
Wickford, 

Providence, 

Chepachet, 

Providence, 



1819. 
1849. 
1832. 

1848. 
1834. 
Original Member. 
1848. 
1834. 
1850. 



Lime Rock, (Smithfield,) 1853. 

Washington Vill., (Coventry,) 1847. 
Providence, 1830. 

Newport, 1837. 

1812. 
Diamond Hill, (Cumberland,) 1841. 
Newport, 1835. 

Providence, 1832. 

Fiskville, (Scituate,) 1840. 

Central Falls, (Smithfield,) 1848. 
Providence, 1847. 

1850. 






f \ 



27 



PAST FELLOWS. 



Name. 

tAddison, Robert, 
tAldrich, John, 
t*Allen, Stephen, 
♦Allen, William H., 
*AUenton, Goodwin, 
*Ames, J. Fisher, 
♦Anthony, John H*, 
♦Baker, Daniel, 
|Ballou, Asa W., 
♦Barrows, Thomas M., 
t*Barrns, Daniel, 
♦Bellows, Eleazer, 
♦Bellows, Eleazer, Jr., 
JBicknell, Howland V., 
t*Bowen, Horatio G., 
|*Bowen, Joseph, 
♦Bowen, Pardon, 
♦Bowen, William, 
♦Bowen, William C, 
tBrainard, Austin, 
^♦Briggs, Lemuel W., 
♦Brownell, Pardon, 
tBrownell, William R., 
♦Bucklin, Hiram, 
♦Carpenter, Comfort A., 
♦Carpenter, Cyril, 
♦Carpenter, Thos. O. H., 
♦Case, Benjamin W., 
fClarke, Peleg, 
tClifFord, Lewis W., 
♦Cole, Jeremiah, 
♦Comstock, Ezekiel, 
tComstock, John L., 
fComstock, Joseph, 
♦Cook, Dennis, 
JCotton, Charles, 
♦Crook, William, 
tDickinson, Samuel F., 
♦Drown, Solomon, 
♦Easton, Jonathan, 



Residence, 

Providence, 
South Kingstown, 
West Greenwich, 
Providence, 
Providence, 



Cranston, 
Smithfield, 

Providence, 

Warren, 

Glocester, 

Burrittville, 

Warivick, 

Providence, 

Glocester, 

Providence, 



Bristol, 
Providence, 

u 

Smithfield, 

Cranston, 

Coventry. 
u 

Newport, 
Coventry, 
Providence, 

South Kingstown, 



Tiverton, 
Neioport, 

U 

Cumberland, 

Foster, 

Newport, 



When elected. 

1848. 
Original Member. 

1812. 

1826. 

1818. 

1827. 

1840. 

1842. 

1823. 
Original 
Original. 
Original. 
Original. 

1836. 

1812. 

1813. 
Original. 
Original. 
Original. 

1826. 
Original. 

1817. 

1852. 

1838. 
Original. 
Original. 
Original. 
Original. 
Original. 

1847. 

1812. 
Original. 

1813. 

Original. 

1813. 

1816. 

1826. 

1846. 

Original. 

Original. 



♦Deceased. tRcmoved from the State. {Resigned. 



28 



Name. 

tEaston, Jonathan, Jr., 
*Eddy, John M., 
*Eldredge, Charles, 
tFabyan, George, 
tFales, Joseph J., 
tFellows, John, 
tFisher, N. Augustus, 
*Fiske, Caleb, 
tFlagg, J. F. B., 
♦Foster, Chillingsworth, 
tFuller, Asa W., 
♦Fuller, Jacob, 
tFuller, John P., 
tFuller, Joseph B. F., 
tGallup, Lewis F., 
tGilbert, George O., 
JGreene, Rowland, 
♦Griffin, Stephen F., 
|Grosvenor, William, 
JHammatt, G. A., 
^Harris, Stephen, 
|* Hazard, Enoch, 
t Hazard, Jonathan E., 
|Holmes, David, 
♦Holmes, Jabez, 
|tHolmes, Thomas D., 
^♦Hudson, Samuel, 
♦James, Silas, 
t* Jerauld, Gorton, 
| Johnson, Peleg, 
♦Keith, John M., 
tKing, Dan, 
♦King, David, 
t*'Knapp. Ephraim, 
♦Knight, Addison, 
♦Knight, Sylvester, 
tLee, Henry S., 
t^Leonard, John P., 
tLeProhon, Edward P 
tLong, Lawson A., 
♦Mackie, John, 
♦Manchester, Nilcs, 
f Marsh, Metcalf, 
♦Mason, Abraham, 
tMcCormick, Edward 



Kesidence. 


When elected. 


Smithjield, 


Original. 


Providence, 


Original. 


East Greenwich, 


Original. 


Providence, 


1839. 


Newport, 


1831. 


Smithjield, 


1844. 


Providence, 


1839. 


Scituate, 


Original. 


Providence, 


1840. 


Bristol, 


Original. 


Waricicl;, 


1847. 


Providence, 


Original. 


u 


1838. 


u 


1838. 


Newport, 


1840. 


Providence, 


1823. 


Scituate, 


Original. 


Charlestown, 


1813. 


Providence, 


1838. 


Newport, 


1842. 


Providence, 


Original. 


Newport, 


Original. 


North Kingstown, 


1812. 


Providence, 


1844. 


Bristol, 


1816. 


Smithjield, 


1830. 


Warwick, 


Original. 


Providence, 


1819. 


Warwick, 


Original. 


South Kingstown, 


1820. 


Portsmouth, 


1836. 


Cumberland, 


1842. 


Newport, 


Original. 


Cumberland, 


1819. 


u 


1841. 


Providence, 


Original. 


Smithfield, 


1825. 


Providence, 


1844. 


u 


1844. 


u 


1852. 


u 


Original. 


North Providence, 


Original. 


Smithfield, 


1832. 


Cumberland, 


Original. 


G., Providence, 


1849. 



29 



tMcGregor, John, 
tMiller, J. Leland, 
f * Moore, William B., 
*Mowry, Moses, 
*Nelson, Thomas, 
♦Nichols, Benjamin, 
*01ney, Jeremiah W. 
tPaine, Zina G., 
tPeck, William, 
|*Peckham, Hazael, 
*Perrin, Nelson, 
t*Pettcs, Joseph B., 
tPotter, Allen, 
tPotter Hazard A., 
*Potter Nehemiah A., 
tPratt, Henry P., 
^Richmond, John W., 
tRivers, Hemy W., 
t*Sexton, Jotham, 
tShaw, Joseph L., 
f Simmons, Thomas H,, 
+Slack, David B., 
{Stanley, George W., 
f*Stanley, Selim A., 
f Sumner, John N., 
♦Thompson, William, 
*Throop, Amos, 
t*Tibbitts, John W., 
iTillinghast, George H., 
•Tillinghast, Wilbor, 
tTorrey, Augustus, 
♦Turner, Henry E., 
♦Turner, Oliver C, 
♦Turner, Peter, 
♦Turner, William, 
t*fy\er, George W., 
♦Utley, Leander, 
jWadsworth, John A., 
♦Walcott, Halsey D., 
♦Walcott, Micah, 
JWaldron, A., 
♦Waring, Edmund T., 
♦Warren, Thomas, 
t Webb, Thomas H., 
♦Webber, Richard M., 



Residence, 


When elected, 


Coventry, 
Providence, 


1847. 
1840. 


u 


1827. 


Johnston, 


Original. 


Bristol, 


Original. 


Warwick, 


1840, 


Cranston, 


1842, 


North Providence, 


1826. 


Providence, 


1823. 


Glocester, 


1812, 


Smithjield, 
Providence, 


1838. 
Original. 


Glocester, 


1823. 


Cumberland, 


1846. 


u 


1812. 


Providence, 


1847. 


U 


Original. 


u 


1839. 


Little Compton, 
Providence, 


1825. 
1832. 


Newport, 
Providence, 


1819. 
1826. 


Ma nil v ill e, 


1850. 


Valley Falls, 
Providence, 


1849. 
1836. 


Warren, 


1813. 


Providence, 


Original. 


Warwick, 


1816. 


Providence, 


1818. 


West Greenwich, 


1812. 


Glocester, 


Original. 


East Greenwich, 


1812. 


Newport, 

East Greenwich, 


1835. 
1812. 


Newport, 
Providence, 


Original. 
1823. 


a 


1827. 


U 


1819. 


Cumberland, 


1838. 


u 


1812. 


Glocester, 


Original. 


Newport, 
Bristol, 


Original. 
Original. 


Providence, 


1826. 


Tiverton, 


1816 



30 



Name. 

tWest, Benjamin H., 
*West, Samuel, 
*Wheaton, Levi, 
tWheaton, Walter V., 
^Wheeler, L. Marcellus, 
*Whitridge, William, 
tWhitridge, William C, 
|*Wilkinson, John, 
*Williams, Jeremiah, 
tWood, Robert C, 
*Wylley, Aaron C, 



Residence. 

North Providence, 

Tiverton, 

Providence, 

u 

East Greenwich, 
Tiverton, 

u 

Srituate, 
Warren, 
Neiuport, 
New-Shoreham, , 



When elected. 

1839. 

1814. 
Original. 
Original. 

1839. 

1812. 

1814. 
Original. 
Original. 

1821. 

1812. 



HONORARY MEMBERS. 



1813. 

*P. L. Armand Auboyneau 
* James B. Mason, 
*Nathan Smith, 
1814. 
*William Ingalls, 

1815. 
*John P. Mann, 
1816. 
*Thomas Hubbard, 

1820. 
Walter Channing, 
*Nathaniel Miller, 
*James Thatcher, 
John C. Warren, 
1825. 
*Samuel L. Mitchill, 

1826. 
♦Philip Syng Physick, 
* Wright Post, 

° 1831. 
•Zaccheus Bartlett, 
*William Clift, 
*George McClellan, 

1835. 
Joshua B. Whitridge, 

1836. 
*Andre\v Harris, 



La Rochelle, France 
Providence, R. L 

Hanover, N. H. 

Boston, Mass. 

Newport. 

Pomfret, Ct. 

Boston, Mass. 
Franklin, Mass. 
Plymouth, Mass. 
Boston, Mass. 

New-York City. 

Philadelphia, Pa. 
New- York City. 

Plymouth, Mass. 
London, England. 
Philadelphia, Pa. 

Charleston, S. C. 

Canterbury, Ct. 



31 



1838. 
♦Thomas Miner, 
George C. Shattuck, 

1839. 
T. Romeyn Beck, 
Jacob Bigelow, 
♦John D. Fisher, 
♦William E. Horner, 
James Jackson, 
Samuel Jackson, 
♦Thomas Sewall, 
Alexander H. Stevens. 
George B. Wood, 

1840. 
♦John B. Beck, 
♦Zadoc Howe, 
Lyndon A. Smith, 
William B. Stephens, 

1841. 
♦Daniel Drake, 
Valentine Mott, 
♦Samuel B. Woodward 

1842. 
*Amariah Brighanu 

1844. 
Elisha Bartlett, 
1845. 
Henry H. Childs, 

1847. 
♦Josiah Bartlett, 

Isaac Rav, 

1848. 
♦Abel L. Peirson, 

1849. 
George Hay ward, 
John W. Richmond, 
John Ware, 

1850. 
Thomas Mutter, 
Harvey Lindsly, 

1851. 
John Green, 
Worthington Hooker, 

1853. 
Henry J. Bigelow, 
Isaac Lincoln, 
F. Campbell Stewart, 
D. Humphreys Storer, 
James P. White. 



Middletown, CL 
Boston, Mass. 

Albany, N. Y. 
Boston, Mass. 

u u 

Philadelphia, Pa. 
Boston, Mass. 
Philadelphia, Pa. 
Washington, D. C, 
Neiv- York City. 
Philadelphia, Pa. 

New-York City. 
Bill erica, Mass. 
Newark, N. J. 
Savannah, Ga. 

Cincinnati, Ohio. 
New-York City. 
Worcester, Mass. 

Utica, N. Y. 

Smithfield, R. I. 

Pittsfield, Mass. 

Stratham, N. H. 
Providence, R. L 

Salem, Mass. 

Boston, Mass. 
Stonington, Ct. 
Boston, Mass. 

Philadelphia, Pa. 
Washington, D. C. 

Worcester, Mass. 
Norwich, Ct. 

Boston, Mass. 
Brunswick, Me. 
New- York City. 
Boston, Mass. 
Buffalo, N. Y. 



32 



PRESIDENTS 



RHODE-ISLAND MEDICAL SOCIETY, 



.'Vhos Throop, 
William Bowen, 

don bowen, 
Caleb Fiske, 
Levi Wheaton, 
David King, 
Charles Eldredge, - 
Usher Parsons, - 
Richmond Brownell, 
Theophilus C* Dunn, 
Lewis L. Miller, 
Joseph Mauran, - 
David King, 
S. Augustus Arnold, 
George Capron, 
Hiram Allen, 
Joseph Mauran. 



1812-1814. 
1814-1815. 
1815-1823. 
1823-1824. 
1824-1829. 
1829-1834. 
1834-1837. 
1837-1840. 
1840-1843. 
1843-1846. 
1846-1847. 
1847-1848. 
1848-1849. 
1849-1850. 
1850-1851. 
1851-1852. 
1852-